Yarn Weights Chart

* This chart is a guideline only and reflects the most commonly used gauges and hook sizes for specific yarn categories.

** Lace weight yarns are usually knitted or crocheted on larger needles and hooks to create lacy, openwork patterns. Accordingly, a gauge range is difficult to determine. Always follow the gauge stated in your pattern.

*** Steel crochet hooks are sized differently from regular hooks — the higher the number, the smaller the hook, which is the reverse of regular hook sizing.

Source: Craft Yarn Council’s www.YarnStandards.com.


Knitting Abbreviations

Abbr.    Description   Abbr.  Description
[ ] work instructions within brackets as many times as directed pat(s) or patt pattern(s)
( ) work instructions within parentheses in the place directed pm place marker
* * repeat instructions following the asterisks as directed pop popcorn
* repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed p2tog purl 2 stitches together
" inch(es) prev previous
alt alternate psso pass slipped stitch over
approx approximately pwise purlwise
beg begin/beginning rem remain/remaining
bet between rep repeat(s)
BO bind off rev St st reverse stockinette stitch
CA color A RH right hand
CB color B rnd(s) round(s)
CC contrasting color RS right side
cm centimeter(s) sk skip
cn cable needle skp slip, knit, pass stitch over—one stitch decreased
CO cast on sk2p slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over the knit 2 together; 2 stitches have been decreased
cont continue sl slip
dec decrease/ decreases/ decreasing sl1k slip 1 knitwise
dpn double pointed needle(s) sl1p slip 1 purlwise
fl front loop(s) sl st slip stitch(es)
foll follow/follows/ following ss slip stitch (Canadian)
g gram ssk slip, slip, knit these 2 stiches together—a decrease
inc increase/increases/ increasing sssk slip, slip, slip, knit 3 stitches together
k or K knit st(s) stitch(es)
k2tog knit 2 stitches together St st stockinette stitch/stocking stitch
kwise knitwise tbl through back loop
LH left hand tog together
lp(s) loop(s) WS wrong side
m meter(s) wyib with yarn in back
M1 make one stitch wyif with yarn in front
M1 p-st make one purl stitch yd(s) yard(s)
MC main color yfwd yarn forward
mm millimeter(s) yo yarn over
oz ounce(s) yrn yarn around needle
p or P purl yon yarn over needle

Crochet Stitch Symbols


 Source: Craft Yarn Council’s www.YarnStandards.com.


Crochet Stitch Abbreviations

[ ] work instructions within brackets as many times as directed FPtr front post treble crochet
( ) work instructions within parentheses as many times as directed g gram
* repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed hdc half double crochet
* * repeat instructions between asterisks as many times as directed or repeat from a given set of instructions inc increase/increases/increasing
" inch(es) lp(s) loops
alt alternate m meter(s)
approx approximately MC main color
beg begin/beginning mm millimeter(s)
bet between oz ounce(s)
BL back loop(s) p picot
bo bobble pat(s) or patt pattern(s)
BP back post pc popcorn
BPdc back post double crochet pm place marker
BPsc back post single crochet prev previous
BPtr back post treble crochet rem remain/remaining
CA color A rep repeat(s)
CB color B rnd(s) round(s)
CC contrasting color RS right side
ch chain stitch sc single crochet
ch- refers to chain or space previously made (e.g., ch-1 space) sc2tog single crochet 2 stitches together
ch-sp chain space sk skip
CL cluster Sl st slip sitich
cm centimeter(s) sp(s) space(s)
cont continue st(s) stitch(es)
dc double crochet tch or t-ch turning chain
dc2tog double crochet 2 stitches together tbl through back loop
dec decrease/decreases/decreasing tog together
dtr double treble tr treble crochet
FL front loop(s) trtr triple treble crochet
foll follow/follows/following WS wrong side
FP front post yd(s) yard(s)
FPdc front post double crochet yo yarn over
FPsc front post single crochet yoh yarn over hook


Crochet Hook Sizes

 

Metric (mm)

U.S. size

 2

A

 2.25

B-1

2.75

C-2

3.25

D-3

3.5

E-4

3.75

F-5

4

G-6

4.5

7

5

H-8

5.5

I-9

6

J-10

6.5

K-10½

8

L-11

9

M/N-13

10

N/P-15

15

P/Q

16

Q

19

S

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